Assessing the Impact of CBTs and Gender in Kenya, July 2023 – Kenya

  • Gender inequality in economic independence is pervasive, particularly in developing countries, and its potential implications for well-being are troubling. The World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Gender Gap Report 2022 ranked Kenya 57th in terms of the gender gap in economic participation, Opportunity Index score of 0.729, suggesting this is an area for improvement.
  • Economic development, gender equality in labor market opportunity, and gender equality in independence are closely related, but the causal relationship remains unclear. World Food Program (WFP’s)
    The Office of Evaluation (OEV), the Cash Transfers (CBT) Section, and the Gender Office have partnered with the World Bank’s Development Impact Evaluation Department (DIME) to create the Gender Impact Assessment (the Window) and CBTs (Window). The window aims to understand the impact of CBT interventions targeting women on gender equality and women’s empowerment, as well as food and nutrition outcomes. The first round of impact evaluations selected for this window aims to assess the effects of women’s increased participation in work outside the family, as a condition of CBTs, and receiving wages (CBTs) directly on their social and economic empowerment.
  • The impact assessment in Kenya aimed to understand the specific effects on women participating in FFA programs on income and loss of assets, while also aiming to understand the long-term impacts of the response on gender equality and women’s socioeconomic status. empowerment. The main direct outcomes of the intervention are to increase women’s earnings and support them to change their time use. The theory speculates that these outcomes (in the medium term) have an impact on perceptions of gender norms, attitudes, agency, consumption patterns, and well-being (physical, social, and psychological).
  • This preliminary report is also based on the Prior Analysis Plan (PAP) registered in the American Economic Association’s Registry of Randomized Controlled Trials. The program work plan includes detailed information on the primary outcomes, research design, randomization method, randomization unit, clustering, sample size (total number, number of groups, and units per treatment arm), and regression specifications. The purpose of the program work plan is to define the set of hypotheses and analyzes that will be performed on the data before it is collected
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